（Abnormal Elastic and Vibrational Behaviors of Magnetite at High Pressures）
J.F. Lin, J.J. Wu, J. Zhu, Z. Mao, A. H. Said, B. M. Leu, J.G. Cheng, Y. Uwatoko, C.Q. Jin and J.S. Zhou
Magnetite exhibits unique electronic, magnetic, and structural properties in extreme conditions that are of great research interest. Previous studies have suggested a number of transitional models, although the nature of magnetite at high pressure remains elusive. We have studied a highly stoichiometric magnetite using inelastic X-ray scattering, X-ray diffraction and emission, and Raman spectroscopies in diamond anvil cells up to 20 GPa, while complementary electrical conductivity measurements were conducted in a cubic anvil cell up to 8.5 GPa. We have observed an elastic softening in the diagonal elastic constants (C11 andC44) and a hardening in the off-diagonal constant (C12) at 8 GPa where significant elastic anisotropies in longitudinal and transverse acoustic waves occur, especially along the  direction. An additional vibrational Raman band between the A1g and T2g modes was also detected at the transition pressure. These abnormal elastic and vibrational behaviors of magnetite are attributed to the occurrence of the octahedrally-coordinated Fe21-Fe31-Fe21 ions charge-ordering along the  direction in the inverse spinel structure. We propose a new phase diagram of magnetite in which the temperature for the metal-insulator and distorted structural transitions decreases with increasing pressure while the charge-ordering transition occurs at 8 GPa and room temperature.