|极端条件物理重点实验室——EX5组 >>> 新闻板|
美国科学院院士 Carneige 研究院地球物理研究所所长
报告题目：Materials, Energy, and Extreme Environments
The critical shortage of abundant, affordable, and clean energy calls upon novel materials with extreme properties for energy production, storage, conversion, and transfer that are superior to materials that now exist or are in use today. Twenty-first century energy technology also demands enhanced performance from existing materials under extreme environments of pressure, temperature, chemistry, radiation, and electromagnetic fields. Studies of materials in extreme pressures and temperatures, in particular, provide the fundamental knowledge needed to address these problems. These studies are leading to the discovery of both new materials with enhanced performance as well as new physical and chemical phenomena. Similar methodologies, as applied to carbon-based materials, are also essential for deepening our understanding and appreciation of the Earth’s deep interior. This work aims to answer outstanding questions that include the abundance of carbon within the planet, the depth and nature of the deep biosphere, and the implications of the deep carbon cycle for energy, environment, and climate.
Russell J. Hemley attended Wesleyan University, where he studied chemistry and philosophy (B.A., 1977). He did his graduate work in physical chemistry at Harvard University (M.A., 1980; Ph.D. 1983). After a post-doctoral fellowship in theoretical chemistry at Harvard (1983-84), he joined the Geophysical Laboratory as a Carnegie Fellow (1984-86) and Research Associate (1986-87), and became a Staff Scientist in 1987. He is the recipient of the 1990 Mineralogical Society of America Award, and is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Geophysical Union, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was elected as a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 2001.
In 2005, he was awarded the Balzan Prize in Mineral Physics, and in 2008 he became a Corresponding Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and was elected Honoris Causa Professor for Energetics, Mechanics, Machinery, and Control Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 2009, Hemley received the Bridgman award. His research explores the chemistry, physics & materials over a broad range of thermodynamic conditions from low to very high pressures that lead to many pioneering discoveries of new matter states or continuing developments of integrated high pressure techniques. He has been an author on over 500 publications including 23 on nature 33 on Science more than 50 on Phys. Rev Lett..